January 29, 2023

Church Street Espresso

Experienced In Leisure

11 Historical Sites in Jordan You Have To Visit (And All The History You Need to Know)

2 min read
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Amman Citadel

Amman airport is the global gateway to Jordan, with a ability for a lot more than 12 million passengers on a yearly basis. Paraphrasing William Faulkner, to recognize Jordan, you should 1st have an understanding of a position like Amman. It’s one particular of the unusual nationwide capitals not located on a river or port. The Eastern Mediterranean coast is identical to the Southern California coastline. It is dry, but the coastal climate has substantial temperatures of 65 in the winter and 85 in the summer season, just a very little warmer than San Diego but really nice. Mountains increase over the coastal plains, and beyond them is challenging desert. In southern California, it is the Colorado Desert, and in the Center East, it is the Syrian Desert. Amman is in the highlands previously mentioned the coastal simple and rivers but higher than the harsh desert heat, type of like Julian, California.

Jordon doesn’t have massive fertile river plains like Egypt or Mesopotamia or the Mediterranean trade routes like Greece, Rome, or Istanbul. Traditionally, Amman controlled overland trade routes and farmed in the highlands when times have been excellent. When trade collapsed, the metropolis frequently reverted to tribes of semi-nomadic herders. Amman’s survival depended on maintaining sophisticated interactions with some of the most effective empires in history. Most likely this is why some men and women contact Jordan the “Switzerland of the Center East”.

The Amman Citadel is an archeological site at the heart of downtown Amman on just one of the seven hills that at first manufactured up the town. The Citadel has a lengthy history of profession by a lot of wonderful civilizations:

  • 1200 BCE – Funds of the Kingdom of Ammon
  • 8th century BCE – Neo-Assyrian Empire
  • 6th century BCE – Neo-Babylonian Empire
  • 3rd century BCE – Ptolemies
  • 1st century BCE – Romans 
  • 3rd century CE – Byzantines
  • 7th century CE – Umayyads
  • 1516-1918 CE – Ottomans

These civilizations remaining their mark on the Citadel, including the Roman Temple of Hercules, the Umayyad Palace, the Byzantine church, and the Ayyubid watchtower.

I was astounded to come across a entire-blown historic website surrounded by a environment money. Extra than everything, I recognized the Greco-Roman architecture immediately, and, judging from the arms, I could only imagine how huge the Hercules statue have to have been. Of system, I’ve manufactured that blunder just before in my youth, so I’ll reserve my judgment😉. 

What I loved most about the Amman Citadel were being the nearby museums. The Jordan Archaeological Museum was founded in 1951, appropriate in the center of the Citadel. It is made up of artifacts chronologically arranged from prehistoric times to the 15th century. It was evident that the museum was far too small, so the Jordan Museum was developed in 2014. It is only a 20-minute walk from the Citadel. Inside of its 10,000 square meters inside, you are going to uncover ʿAin Ghazal statues, some of the world’s oldest human figures ever built, and the Copper Scroll, a person of the Lifeless Sea Scrolls.

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